Arthritis literally means “joint inflammation” and the term is an umbrella that includes 100 different conditions under it. Many people believe that arthritis is just one disease that you get once you are older, but that’s just not true. Some types of arthritis are hereditary, some are autoimmune disorders, and some develop after trauma to the joint. You’ve probably heard of osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and even fibromyalgia, but there are various other arthritic conditions that don’t get much attention. To spread more knowledge about these other conditions, we’ve complied a list of 5 types of arthritis you’ve never heard of.
1. Giant Cell Arteritis (GCA)
GCA, also known as temporal arthritis, is inflammation of the blood vessels where the walls of the medium-sized and large-sized arteries of the body become inflamed. This inflammation limits blood flood of the affected blood vessels resulting in pain and sometimes rare side effects like blindness. GCA most commonly affects the arteries of the scalp, head, neck, and arms.
2. Raynaud’s Phenomenon
Raynaud’s phenomenon happens when the blood vessels that feed your fingers and toes constrict in reaction to cold or emotional stress. The body’s normal reaction to extreme cold is to divert blood flow away from the extremities to keep the core warm, but in the case of Raynaud’s phenomenon, the body decreases blood flow to the fingers and toes in relatively low cold stress situations. The same reaction may occur with emotional stress or excitement. People with this condition experience the following symptoms:
- Extreme sensitivity to cold.
- Skin color changes.
- Warmth, tingling, and throbbing when blood flow returns.
- Skin ulcers.
3. Still’s Disease
Adult Still’s Disease has similar characteristics to those of systemic juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, except that it occurs in adults. The disease can go into remission or become chronic arthritis. Symptoms include:
- Fever that spikes in the evenings.
- Muscle aches and joint pains.
- Swollen glands.
4. Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy Syndrome (RSDS)
RSDS involves a disturbance in the sympathetic nervous system – the network of nerves along the spinal cord. This nervous system controls certain bodily functions like opening and closing the blood vessels or sweat glands. This disorder primarily affects the hands and feet. There are three stages of RSDS that range from pain and stiffness, to swelling and muscle spasms, to eventual severe pain with joint and muscle function reduction.
5. Reactive Arthritis
Reactive arthritis, previously known as Reiter’s Syndrome, is an inflammatory type of arthritis that appears after an infection in another part of the body. The infections that cause reactive arthritis normally occur in the urogenital tract or the intestinal tract. Although the bacteria from the infection does not move to other parts of the body, it does cause reactions in different parts. The symptoms of reactive arthritis generally last 3 to 12 months. The three class symptoms of reactive arthritis are:
- Inflammation of the joints (arthritis).
- Inflammation of the urinary tract (urethritis).
- Inflammation of the eyes (conjunctivitis).
If you or someone you know suffers from any of these conditions, we hope this list has helped identify symptoms you may be experiencing. These are only 5 of the many types of arthritis that are out there. Each type of arthritis has different symptoms, different treatment plans, and a different prognosis. One recommended natural treatment for joint pain, inflammation, and joint health are daily joint supplements. If you are unsure of how to go about picking the best joint supplement for you, we can help.
Download our free eBook How To Choose the Right Joint Supplement by clicking below.
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