5 Common Causes Of Back Pain

common causes of back painHaving pain in your back can be debilitating. It may keep you from participating in your favorite activities, stop you from completing your exercise routine, or it may be uncomfortable just to sleep. Back pain is a general term that is used to describe lower, middle, and upper back pain. Back pain can be persistent and difficult to treat. Sitting in one position for extended periods of time can put stress on the spine and muscles throughout your upper and lower back. However, it’s also important to note that back pain is a symptom of a medical condition, not a diagnosis by itself. Your back pain may be caused by one of the following common medical conditions.


1. Injuries

Sprains and fractures of the spine may cause short-lived or long-term chronic back pain. Sprains are small tears in the ligaments that support the spine and can occur from twisting or lifting improperly. Fractured vertebrae are often a result of osteoporosis, a condition that weakens the bones. Back pain may also be caused by more severe injuries that are a result of a fall or accident, but this is less common.

2. Infections and tumors

Infections can cause pain when they involve the vertebrae through a condition called osteomyelitis that affects the bones. Additionally, this occurs when the discs that cushion the vertebrae are involved, a condition known as discitis. Tumors sometimes arise as a cause of pain in the back. Generally, they appear in the back as a result of cancer that has spread from elsewhere in the body.

3. Acquired diseases and conditions

There are many medical diseases and conditions that can result in back pain including:

  • Scoliosis – causes curvature of the spine and may not result in back pain until mid-life.
  • Spondylolisthesis – a condition in which a vertebrae in the spine slips out of the proper position onto the bone below it.
  • Arthritis – this includes osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and ankylosing spondylitis, all of which affect the joints.
  • Spinal Stenosis – this is a narrowing of the spinal column that puts pressure on the nerves and spinal cord.
  • Osteoporosis – although this condition itself does not cause pain, it can put you at a higher risk for painful vertebrae fractures.
  • Fibromyalgia – this condition causes widespread muscles pain and inflammation.
  • Pregnancy and kidney problems may also result in back pain.

4. Mechanical Issues

By “mechanical issues”, we mean the way your spine moves or the way you feel when you move your spine in a certain direction. The most common reason for mechanical back pain is intervertebral disc degeneration, meaning that the discs located between the vertebrae are breaking down with age. As this breakdown occurs, they lose their cushioning ability. If the back is stressed when mechanical issues are present, this can lead to more pain as well. Another mechanical issue is the breakdown of the facet joints, the joints that connect each vertebrae to another. Other mechanical issues include: muscle spasms, ruptured discs, herniated discs, and muscle tensions.

5. Stress

Although back issues that result in pain are generally physical, it’s worth mentioning that stress can play a role in how severe your back pain is and how long it lasts. Stress affects the body in various ways including causing back muscles to tense and cause pain. Conditions like depression, anxiety, and insomnia can contribute to back pain and worsen it.

Back pain may come into your life because of injury, disease, or infection; understanding where it comes from is the first step in dealing with this type of pain. Back pain doesn’t have to rule your life. To help relieve inflammation, pain levels, and prevent joint degeneration, joint supplements could be the best option for you. To learn more about picking a joint supplement, download our free eBook How To Choose The Right Joint Supplement by clicking below.



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